1 Sep In order to create a sustainable classification of igneous rocks which all geologists might use, an international body was set up by the IUGS: the. 18 Mar A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks. b. Gabbroic rocks. c. Ultramafic rocks. After IUGS. 1/17/ Petrology-Spring , Goeke. basic system which classifies rocks on the basis of where they form. work by the IUGS Subcommission on the Classification of Igneous Rocks or Streckeissen .
|Published (Last):||6 August 2012|
|PDF File Size:||16.9 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.37 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The IUGS systematics of igneous rocks | Journal of the Geological Society
Geologists worldwide accept the diagrams as a classification of igneous, especially plutonic rocks. On a molecular basis, these rocks show: Alumina Al 2 O 3 Saturation After silica, alumina iugs classification of igneous rocks the second most abundant oxide constituent in igneous rocks.
SiO 2 diagram shown below. The composition usually reflects the composition of the magma, and thus provides information on the source of the rock.
But, this does not allow for a very detailed classification scheme.
Rock classifications also seek to reduce complexity. Examples of Questions on this material that could be on an Exam Define the following terms: Still, because of the history of the science, many of these iugs classification of igneous rocks names are firmly entrenched in the literature, so the student must be aware of all of these names, or at least know where to look to find out what the various rocks names mean. In fact we generally use textural criteria to subdivide igneous rocks in to iugs classification of igneous rocks usually medium to coarse grained and volcanic usually fine grained, itneous, or porphyritic.
As discussed earlier, texture is used to subdivide igneous rocks into two major groups: Silica Undersaturated Rocks – In these rocks we should find minerals that, in general, do not occur with quartz.
QAPF diagram – Wikipedia
If this liquid containing olivine is erupted and the rest of the liquid quenches to a glass, then this will produce a rock with phenocrysts of olivine iugs classification of igneous rocks a glassy groundmass. If a magma is oversaturated with respect to Silica then a silica mineral, such as quartz, cristobalite, tridymite, or coesite, should precipitate from the magma, and be present in the rock.
For instance, the classification of minerals is based on common anoins since minerals sharing common anions often have similar physical properties i. Because of the limitations of the various criteria that can used to classify igneous rocks, geologists use an approach based on the information obtainable at various stages of examining the rocks. Three possible conditions exist.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. F and Q for chemical iugs classification of igneous rocks cannot exist together in one plutonic rock.
On the other hand, if a magma is undersaturated with respect to silica, then a silica mineral should not precipitate from the rocms, and thus should not be present in the rock. Alumina Al 2 O 3 Saturation.
One last general classification scheme divides rocks iugs classification of igneous rocks alkaline from those that are subalkaline. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat Iyneous our purposes, we will introduce and discuss a much simpler classification that will allow us to easily identify the more common igneous rocks.
Most are what we term genetic. A set of hypothetical minerals that could crystallize from a magma with the same chemical composition as the rock called the Normcan facilitate comparison between rocks.
The IUGS systematics of igneous rocks
roccks QAPF diagrams are mostly used to classify plutonic rocks phaneritic rocksiugs classification of igneous rocks are also used to classify volcanic rocks if modal mineralogical compositions have been determined. The minerals present in a rock and their relative proportions in iugs classification of igneous rocks rock depend largely on the chemical composition of the magma.
These are the mineral groups used for classification in QAPF diagram. For plutonic rocks, the IUGS system of classification can be used. This classifcation is expressed chemically on a molecular basis as: These are SiO 2 – oversaturated compositions.
Chemical iugs classification of igneous rocks can be obtained, and a chemical classification, such as the LeBas et al. Remember that porphyritic rocks have spent time in both worlds. September Learn how iugs classification of igneous rocks when to remove this template message. Still, because chemical composition can vary continuously, there are few natural breaks to facilitate divisions focks different rocks.
To get an idea about what silica lcassification means, let’s look at a simple silicate system – the system Mg 2 SiO 4 – SiO 2 Note how compositions between Fo and En will end their crystallization with only Fo olivine and enstatite.